Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil (1887-1959) founded the Rayat Shikshan Sanstha in 1919 at the village Kale in Satara district.Mahatma Phule and Rajarshi Shahu Maharaj were role models before him.Realizing the need of spread of education for the masse,,he started schools and hostels in villages. Hostels ,training colleges ,voluntary primary schools ,secondary schools and finally colleges at Taluka places.His work proceeded in that order answering the needs of the lower strata of society .He had his own vision and educational philosophy which comprised education for all, regardless of his her financial status .
Education through self was his magic mantra which revolutionized the rural Maharashtra. The students earned education through manual labour which was special feature of the Rayat Shikshan Sanstha. Life together with students of different religious orientations automatically eradicated distinctions and helped create a sense of solidarity between them. Karmaveer created many selfless workers, many of whom assumed responsibilities as Life Works.
The Sanstha was, till date, is run by the employees who are essentially its office bearers. The academic wing ‘Karmveer Vidhya Prabodhini’ takes care of the quality improvement of students through its innovative projects and programmes. Hundreds of students drawn from economically backward and socially downtrodden .Section could win laurels and work in responsible positions only because of the sanstha .Padmabhushan Karmaveer Dr.Bhaurao ,affectionately called Anna,became a much loved and respected icon in the galaxy of social workers of Maharashtra.
The Rayat Shikshan Sanstha with its glorious track record will be celebrating its hundred years of existance in 2019.The Sanstha has announced and undertaken various projects keeping in view the contemporary scenario of education by insisting on technological revolution fostering the knowledge society to keep pace with changing times.
Rajarshi Chhatrapati Shahu Maharaj,rightly called “prince among princes “ was an important influence on the work of Karmaveer Bhaurao Patil ,the founder of the Rayat Shikshan sanstha. The state of Kolhapur became an example of the efforts of Shahu Maharaj .His reforms in various fields such as agriculture ,education ,industry Fine Arts ,religious tolerance and eradication of untouchability created the firm foundation for the structure of Modern Maharashtra .
The Radhanagri Dam,the Shahu Mill,the Khasbag Arena ,Hostels for students of various communities in dasra Chawk,Kolhapur,are among the landmark achievements of this great ruler..Bhaurao had seen the reforms in Kolhapur during his stay as a student at the royal palace .Seeking inspiration from the great king ,he drew and perfected his own agenda which he was to implement through his own Sanstha. he started his own Hostel wherein students ,regardless of their castes and religions ,were to live together under the same roof. This hostel functioning from 1924 was named Shri Chhatrapati Shahu Boarding House in 1927 at the hands of Mahatma Gandhi during his visit to Satara .The visit was a memorable occasion when the father of the Nation was all praise for Bhaurao Patil and his singular work .He was gracious enough to confess,’ What I could not achieve at Sabarmati Ashram you have been successfully doing here ‘.Bhaurao told him that he had sought inspiration from Shahu Maharaj and brought his large hearted mindset. Thus Chharapati Shahu Maharaj and his work have organic relationship with our Sanstha and no wonder this college came to be called : Rajarshi Chhatrapati Shahu College.